Changes to Bipolar Disorder Criteria (DSM-5)

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Since most people get frustrated from time to time, there is that everlasting question if depression is indeed a illness. The answer is: yes. The deadly one, that is. It has been said that about 1 out of 8 United states of america residents will likely become clinically depressed. Several experience it once in a lifetime, while others have multiple episodes.

This is a fact: if the person gets depressed for the first time, there is a 50 percent chance that this individual will fall to the same predicament again. And come the 2nd time, there is the threat that he will go to a third manic depression episode.

Depression is a genuine illness as it involves the mental, psychological and even physical function of the person. This is not only a transitive sad feeling that will go away when one wills it to. There are symptoms and signs as well as corresponding treatment. If not managed properly and immediately, it may escalate to worse conditions. Similar to other illness, depression in addition has variations.

There are three types of depressive disorders: major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder and dysthymic disorder.

Major depression is a culmination of all symptoms and signs that intervene with one’s capability to act normally. It can happen once, but recurring episodes are possible.

Its less severe counterpart is dysthymia that is characterized by similar symptoms of serious depression, only they don’t totally affect one’s activities. A person that has dysthymic disorder can suffer major depression sometime during his life.

Bipolar disorder is also a kind of depressive disorder that involves drastic feeling changes, from being very high about a minute to severely depressed another minute. The manic cycle can make the individual hyper and overenthusiastic but it transforms as soon as the frustrated cycle hits. The depressed cycle encompasses all the symptoms of depression.

Since depression is a disease, there are symptoms. Again, they are the next:

1. Persistent “empty” feeling

2. Unbelievable hopelessness

3. Feeling guilty and worthless most the time

4. Lack or loss of interests in activities that used to bring happiness to the individual and this includes sex.

5. Visible fatigue

6. Has a difficult time {making|taking decisions

7. Development of sleeping problems

8. Loss of appetite and drastic body change or loss

9. Suicidal attempts and desires.

10. Pronounced irritability

11. Physical aches and pains that have no physiological basis

The good thing is at the end of this dark tunnel called depression, there is hope. Treatment is available in three types: psychiatric therapy, antidepressant medicine and the blend of the two. At this time there are also times when electroconvulsive remedy (ECT) and light remedy are use.

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